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However, the distribution of the labour force is reversed, with most people still working in agriculture (61%), followed by services (27%) and finally industry (12%). Women work mainly as helpers, machinists and less frequently, as line supervisors and quality controllers. Usually an elderly male. In 1904, the opening of the New York City subway system and other transportation networks allowed the garment industry to move uptown, and to consolidate workers in more factories. Bangladesh has the cheapest unit labor cost in South Asia. After its initial success in the field of embroidered textiles, high-fashion garments were the natural avenue to progress to. Although certain retailers employed “inside” shops, which eliminated contractors and paid sewing machine operators and other workers at a piece-rate to work directly for them, most retailers relied on the system of using “outside” shops organized by contractors. It is anticipated that the trend of market diversification will continue and this will help to maintain the growth momentum of export earnings. The country has no dedicated research institute related to the apparel sector. Insufficiency of loan in time, uncertainly of electricity, delay in getting materials, lack of communication, problem in taxes etc. My honorable supervisor Md. If the surveyed personnel provide us with any fabricated information about their opinion of their organization, then the report findings may be erroneous. Over 200 of the 600-plus factories were damaged or destroyed during an agitation last summer. Report making is a very important part of BBA along at the successful completion of internship period. Cotton, harvested by underpaid sharecroppers (usually freed African-American slaves and poor Southern whites, who lived in a type of veritable slavery where wages and rent were always manipulated to keep them in debt) was shipped to the giant textile mills of New England and the mid-Atlantic. The influx of numerous illegal immigrants along with immigrants who came to the United States through legal means, further complicates the situation. A single clothing firm might employ as many as 75 different contractors to work on their clothing line. InternshipReportBD for BBA MBA complete guideline & … They have a mission and the vision is profit maximization. In-fact the company had initiated its operations with the hand embroidery panels segment, catering to some of the most well known names in the fashion Industry like Versace, Gucci, Oscar De La Renta, and many others. Join to Connect ... Report this profile About To execute a responsible position where I could use my technical interpersonal skills, creativity and above all my learning experience in order to develop my career as well as contribute in the welfare of the institution. Because of cheap labor if our country makes the labor productivity in the apex position, then we think the future of this sector is highly optimistic. The country’s land surface is therefore largely composed of alluvial silt, rendering the soil highly fertile. They also add new machineries to increase their production line. These financial statements are presented in Bangladesh Taka (Taka/Tk/BDT) which is the company’s functional currency. hÞbbd``b`i ³@=$û@\ Á $bDýkHýÌÀÄÈ± The content of an executive summary is given on page 11. This is followed by the main text Internship Report HUB in Bangladesh. All the economies of North, Central and South America, along with all Caribbean economies have agreed to start the ETAA in 2005. Nonetheless it is a rich and varied tale. VISION Taking inspiration from the past, setting milestones in the present, we continually strive to unravel the opportunities that the future has in store. During the initial phase it was the woven category, which contributed the most. Consequently, contractors, in order to make any profit, forced longer hours and lower wages on their workers. Despite increased dependence on air transportation, trucks remain the main vehicles for transporting raw materials and finished products for Bangladesh garment exports. Many of the same issues persist. RMG industry in Bangladesh has already proved itself to be a resilient industry and can be a catalyst for further industrialization in the country. Garment factories in Bangladesh provide employment to 40 percent of industrial workers. A 1999 study found the industry supporting approximately USD 2.0 billion worth of economic activities (Bhattacharya and Rahman), when the value of exports stood at a little over USD 4.0 billion. Dear Sir, We are pleased to submit the report you have assigned to us. Primary objective: • To completing of graduate BBA program. The breakdown of various exports by sector is given in the table overleaf (Bangladesh Bank, 2005). It thus has the unwanted distinction of being the world’s most densely populated country, and this overpopulation is at the root of many of Bangladesh’s socioeconomic problems. By the 1880s, for the most part, seamstresses no longer negotiated work on an individual basis but were subsumed into a system of contracting. The recent struggle to realize Workers’ Rights adds an important episode to the story. Industry accounts for 27.1% and agriculture 21.2%. However, the population is largely homogeneous in terms of ethnicity, language, and religion, and this provides a valuable element of national cohesion. India, south Korea, Hong Kong, Singapore, Thailand, Taiwan etc, have made remarkable progress in garments industries. Among them is Van Heusen, a major brand that has shifted 30 percent of its requirements elsewhere, according to Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association (BGMEA) chief S.M. %PDF-1.6 %âãÏÓ It is important to have significant flow of investment both in terms of finance and technology. Under this arrangement, a country outside the union will face the same tariff on exports to any member country receiving the goods. Internship Report 1. During the 1980s, a number of incentives were introduced to encourage export activities. Presser – Always a male as he had to lift the heavy irons, which weighed up to 20 pounds. The exploitation of the contractor, in his own mind, was justified by the fact that he himself felt exploited by the manufacturers. These and related initiatives need encouragement possibly intermediated by donor-assisted technology and knowledge transfer. ... the establishment of a pharmaceutical company & now after 46 years Square is the leader in pharmaceutical industry & textile industry. The questionnaire contains some questions that, if answered properly, might damage the company’s image. As shown by the above table, merchandise exports have been growing strongly in recent years and this trend is set to continue. In Bangladesh, the garment workers are mostly women with little education and training. Baster – Prepared the garments for the operator by fitting the pieces together. At the very beginning, I would like to express my deepest gratitude to almighty Allah for giving me the strength and the composure to complete my BBA courses and prepare this report within the scheduled time.. During the period of my internship work, I have received generous help from many quarters, which I like to put on record here with deep gratitude and great pleasure. 1 Internship Report “A Study on functions of three key departments of Dhaka Regency Hotel and Resort, performance measurement and analysis of guest satisfaction survey” Submitted to : Rumana Parveen Assistant Professor Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management Faculty of Business Studies University of Dhaka Submitted by : … I have tried my best to present all HR ... industry occupies a unique position in the Bangladesh economy. We have set benchmarks in the national and international cotton markets with quality and performance of our cotton. To export something, organization need a strong backward linkage. The industry plays a key role in employment generation and in the provision of income to the poor. Garments industry is the fastest growing sector in Bangladesh. This imbalance between output and employment is indicative of a large amount of “disguised” unemployment and underemployment. Ltd. is one of those rare organizations to which success has come naturally since its inception in 1994. That’s what led me to execute a simple survey, to collect target consumers’ opinion. Mostafizur Rahman, bearing ID: 09327-157, - Department of Real Estate, under my supervision. All Internship jobs in Bangladesh on Careerjet.com.bd, the search engine for jobs in Bangladesh 5. To prepare this report I user different news papers, books which are secondary information. France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the UK have two representatives each, and the other member’s one each. 1. This report will provide a vast idea about the textile industry not only within the country but the foreign market as well. But without the facility of this necessary product a lot of accident is occur incurred every year in most of the company. After the liberalization of the quota regime some of the major textile suppliers Thailand, India, China, Hong Kong, Indonesia and Taiwan increased their own RMG exports. RMGs are the finished textile product from clothing factories and the Bangladeshi RMG Sector is one of the fastest growing sectors in the Bangladeshi economy, with a growth rate of 55% from 2002 to 2012. We can see this by the price level of our garments products in the world market. Nonetheless it is a rich and varied tale. This significant growth can be attributed to high demand from the rapidly rising apparel industry Above all, this study is weak in some points. The foundation of the European Union was laid in 1957 by the Treaty of Rome. Credit must be provided when the. However, this vital industry still depends heavily on imported fabrics. We always endeavor to create a long lasting relationship of trust with our valued clients. The company is also into retail operations under the name of NASHA, catering to the ever growing fashion & design centric community in India. Ashraful Alam. This is in fact false. In the garment industry in Bangladesh, tasks are allocated largely on the basis of gender. Manufacturers paid a set price for each finished garment they received from the contractor, which was considerably lower then they would then charge retail. Now, the report has been approved for presentation and viva voce. Crescent Textile Mills is a Faisalabad based textile unit. The main provisions of the following treaty of 1957 were: There are five major institutions that mange the EU: The Andean Pact is an economic union that was formed in 1969 by Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Educador, and Peru. The decline in the growth rate already surfaced in the export figures of October as the woven export growth came down to 22.70 percent from 31 percent in September.The exporters said they had experienced a very low placement of orders since the last quarter.The chief of the apex trade body of the sector said: “A worse situation has prompted me to ask the government and financial institutions for providing soft term loans to the RMG exporters just to continue the workers’ salary and thus help survive the industry.”. assurance of safety, salary and other facilities of the workers, Doors, opening along escape routes, are not fire resistant, Doors are not self-closing and often do not open along the direction of escape, Adequate doors as well as adequate staircases are not provided to aid quick exit, Fire exit or emergency staircase lacks proper maintenance, Lack of proper exit route to reach the place of safety, Parked vehicles, goods and rubbish on the outside of the building obstruct exits to the open air, Fire in a Bangladesh factory is likely to spread quickly because the principle of compartmentalization is practiced, Building should be constructed with fire resisting materials, Protection against fire and smoke should be ensured, Electrical wiring must be properly designed, installed and maintained, Escape routes should be lighted at all times, kept clear, be indicated by signs, Doors should be protected and should open along the direction of escape. internship report on “present market condition of ... Bextex Ltd. has an installed capacity of 288 ... REQUEST TO REMOVE Far East Textiles & Clothing Ltd. - gmdu.net We supply cotton Bales to textile mills across the country and in the international arena. Those countries providing cheap product to the market then Pakistan’s textile industries. 37 were already in operation and were improved upon. Bangladesh should improve its average lead time to compete in the international market. “We are hopeful that export earnings may reach $15 billion within the next five years, if the election takes place peacefully and the country survives any major political uncertainty,” Hoque said. %%EOF The history of the Readymade Garments Sector in Bangladesh is a fairly recent one. This dependence on raw materials hampers the development of garments industry. Precautionary should need to be adopted are given below: Adequate exits and proper escape routes should be designed. It is the largest exporting industry in Bangladesh, which experienced phenomenal growth during the last 25 years. Some of these elements are reviewed below. We maintain the temperature and humidity as per the recommended international standards. Secondly, I would like to show my heartiest gratitude to Mr. Arun Ghosh, Chief Marketing Manager, Oxfo Chem Bangladesh, who helped me with providing lots of information regarding my internship report. machinery and equipment, fuel and petroleum products, chemicals, iron and steel, cement, fabric and accessories (for garments production), etc. The wife of the contractor would help out by cooking meals (for which the workers had to pay) and attending to other tasks. A common market allows reallocation of production resources such as capital, labor, and technology based on the theory of comparative advantage. The continued use of the piece-rate system, where workers are paid for each garment produced rather than at a standard hourly rate, ensures that garment workers in sweatshops earn well under the federally mandated minimum wage rate. According to industry insiders, although Bangladesh is well ahead of many south Asian RMG exporting countries like Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Indonesia, Vietnam and Nepal, a sharp rise is anticipated in exports from those countries and it is imminent that they emerge as strong competitors.The exporters claimed that the country could achieve a tremendous growth in garments export if the political situation and seaport remain normal. Often obstruct the industry. Meraj Hossain | Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh | Internship at NZ Textile at NZ Textile | 0 connection | View Meraj's homepage, profile, activity, articles Dear Sir, This is a great pleasure for me to submit the internship working Report on “Procurement Management Practices by CMT (Compagnie Mauricienne De Textile LTEE) a hand on practices on „SAP business one‟ software”. One common reason is that the removal of trade barriers among member countries makes it less expensive to buy from companies within the group and the continuation of trade barriers with non member countries makes it more difficult for the latter to compete. Acknowledgement. 2. endstream endobj startxref The individual are elected directly by the voters in each member country. Subject: Submission of Internship Report. Subject: Submission of report on Trade Performance of Bangladesh for Last Five Years. To focus on the valuable part of Internship Report. Economic Union: An economic union is a deep form of economic integration and is characterized by free movement of goods, services and factors of production between countries and full integration of economic policies. I would like to submit my internship report titled “Critical Analysis of accounting department of Consumer Knitex”, which has been prepared as a requirement for the completion of the BBA in AIS Program of United International University. It also plays a pivotal role to promote the development of other key sectors of the economy like banking, insurance, shipping, hotel, tourism, road transportation, railway container services, etc. National labor laws do not apply in the EPZs, leaving BEPZA in full control over work conditions, wages and benefits. Textile Today is a regular publication of Amin & Jahan Corporation Ltd. It’s a comprehensive magazine for textile, apparel & fashion industry. Apply to Intern, Fashion Intern, Apparel Associate and more! Although in gross terms the sector’s contributions to the country’s export earnings is around 74 percent, in net terms the share would be much less partially because the backward linkages in textile have been slow to develop. Because of this advantage Bangladesh can produce products more easily than other countries. Government of Bangladesh has played an active role in designing policy support to the RMG sector that includes back-to-back L/C, bonded warehouse, cash incentives, export credit guarantee scheme, tax holiday and related facilities. Textile Engineer Bangladesh 500+ connections. The existence of sound infrastructural facilities is a prerequisite for economic development. The shop was run as a family affair. I have presented my experience and finding by using different chart and tables in the analysis part. 2075 0 obj <> endobj In spite of numerous constraints, the economy has been on a steady growth path for the last 15 years, mainly due to private sector dynamism. Customs Union: A custom Union is a form of economic integration in which all tariffs between member countries are eliminated and a common trade policy toward non member countries is established. Today these qualities are recognized and appreciated by garment importers the world over who see Naina’s Apparel as an indispensable partner to their business. The productive efficiency of labor is more important determinant for gaining comparative advantage than the physical abundance of labor. The owners of these factories must not treat the workers as animals. To have skill labor for quality product. The company was incepted. Bangladesh is a tropical country in South Asia that is situated in the delta of two major rivers that flow down from the Himalayas (the Ganges and the Jamuna). In contrast to the public sector-led import-substituting industrialization strategy pursued during the first few years after independence, the industrialization philosophy of the government changed rather dramatically from the late 1970s when the emphasis was on export-oriented growth to be spearheaded by the private sector. The analysis in the report is based on the data For this reason. Most felt that sewing is traditionally done by women and that women are more patient and more controllable than men. Most of the garment factories in our country lack the basic amenities where our garment workers sweat their brows from morning to evening to earn our countries the major portion of our foreign exchange. Join OPPapers to read more and access more than 325,000 just like it! The parliament serves as a watchdog on EU expenditures in addition to evaluating other decisions of the Council. Moreover, foreign suppliers often supply low quality materials, which result in low quality products. The Indian textile industry is one the largest and oldest sectors in the country and among the most important in the economy in terms of output, investment and employment. The work is done under the eyes of task-masters, who rent a small room or two in the rear part of an upper floor of a high building, put in a few sewing machines, a stove suitable for heating irons, and then hire a number of men and women to work for them.” Explicit in the inspectors’ definition of a sweatshop is the exploitation of garment workers by contractors, who forced their workers to labor for long hours only to be paid insufficient wages. Garments industries often pay dearly for political unrest, hartal and terrorism etc. The employment of an uneven number of unskilled labors by the garment factories results in low productivity and comparatively more expensive apparels. Illegal immigrants, who are often coerced into paying for their journey on credit, work long hours for clandestine operations. During this period, my job has related to this department. Azizur Rahman and Md. Other factors like price competitiveness, enhanced GSP facility, market and product diversification, cheap labor, increased backward integration, high level of investment, and government support are among the key factors that helped the country to continue the momentum in export earnings in the apparel sector. We deploy skilled cotton selectors for selecting raw cotton from farm & markets all over with worldwide-accepted parameters reach our customers. internship report. Dhaka, Bangladesh. Sometimes the company face problem. The garments Industry maintains a good relationship with every buyer. Each & every study should have objectives. Example: The US and Mexico have an agreement that allows cars to be assembled in Mexico and shipped into the US. I tried my best to collect the valuable information and its relevantfacts. 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