ROMANS 13:1-14 CHRISTIANS having become the subjects of a kingdom which is not of this world, might be led to suppose that they were released from the ties of obedience to human authorities, especially such as were not Christians. But of the times and seasons, brethren, ye have no need that I write unto you, for ye yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the night," 1 Thessalonians 5:1, 1 Thessalonians 5:2. Podcast Episodes Concerning Romans 13. The latter objection is not of much weight, since the word ‘salvation’ often has a future reference, and in the Apostle’s mind the blessedness of the future was intimately associated with the coming of the Lord. Wake up starting each day. The Scripture sees salvation as past, present and future. It is possible for us to go through our lives as believers lethargic and insensible, but such a condition is not wise in view of what lies ahead of us. This idea of awaking out of sleep was present in the teaching of Jesus (Mark 13:35-36; Luke 12:35-36), and repeated by Paul (Ephesians 5:14; 1 Thessalonians 5:6). 13.armor of light; let us, as in the day, walk in a becoming manner, etc. The imagery seems to be taken originally from our Lord’s discourse concerning his coming: see Matthew 24:42; Mark 13:33, and Luke 21:28-38, where several points of similarity to our Romans 13:11-14 occur’ (Alford). By light he means the revelation of divine truth, by which Christ the sun of righteousness arises on us. (), As every day passes by, we are that much closer to eternal life. We prefer this rendering as more exact. This is in the line of all our Lord's teaching, which represents the decisive day of Christ's second appearing as at hand, to keep believers ever in the attitude of wakeful expectancy, but without reference to the chronological nearness or distance of that event. Because the Lord's return gets closer and closer with each passing moment, these Christians were told to "awake out of sleep." From that moment Christ began in us His saving work. Monday, November 25 2019 / Published in 2nd Reading, Advent, Romans Romans 13:11-14 This passage comes in the latter sections of Romans that primary contains various practices of the Christian life. Commentary on Romans 13:11-14 View Bible Text . Alford was a Calvinist, conservative and premillennial, though not dispensational. Paul’s letter to the *Romans. hora. (Ephesians 5:14-16; 1 Thessalonians 5:6-8) "Few Christians are ever as wide awake as they should be." Christians need a wake up call! Verse 11 is a summons to action based on the coming of Christ. « Romans 13:11. Eternity is just at hand, is the solemn consideration that Paul urges on his readers as a motive for devotion and diligence. "Paul recognized the critical nature of the times. Paul assumes that his audience has heard his epistlein its entirety, not piecemeal as we do in worship. It would not be difficult to understand why you would want to spend your last days indulging yourself. The first is, that it means that the time of salvation, or special favor to the Gentiles, and of the destruction of the Jews, was fast approaching. Romans 13:11 New International Version (NIV) The Day Is Near. time and its sublunary engrossments are a, , are the approaching dawn before us; it becomes us to be, , and watch the approaches of the morning, of the glorious. "To ‘sleep' indicates unconcern. Romans 13:12 » Romans 13:11b. The same urgency should be with us today. The doctrine in these verses Romans 13:11-14, therefore, is, "that a deep conviction of the nearness of eternity will prompt to an upright life in the contact of man with man. It contemplates a sleeper who is urged to awake because it is almost daybreak. What is the meaning of such expressions must be determined by the context, in each particular case. As, however, the words are metaphorical, it may be useful to consider their meaning: Ignorance of God is what he calls night; for all who are thus ignorant go astray and sleep as people do in the night. James Rosscup writes that "This was the great work in the life of the versatile Dean of Canterbury. Let every soul be subject to the governing authorities. They are all from God, who con… A fuller explanation of chronos can be found in the commentary on Acts 1:7, but a brief illustration is given here. The numerous prophecies of the Old Testament relating to the future conversion of the Jews, and various other events, were known to the apostles and precluded the possibility of their believing that the world was to come to an end before those prophecies were fulfilled. He is pointing to the motivation of why we ought to live like we live, why we ought to be doing all of these things that he has been telling us in Romans 12:3-21. The night of heathen ignorance as to Christians had already passed, and the day of gospel light was not approaching, but had appeared. To cast off the works of darkness and put on the armor of light! Of the renderings we give, the former is favored by the order of words in the original. Power, in the singular number, is the supreme authority; powers are they who are invested with it. www.easyenglish.bible. "And this"-"This do" (Con) "Be obedient to the government, reach out in love for your neighbor..this do, or, and bearing this in mind" (McGuiggan p. 389) "And let us do this, viz., live in no debt but that of love." Further, even if Paul had a personal hope that the Lord would soon return, that did not interfere with his so writing that his teaching corrected the errors of others, because it was itself inspired. This is the motive for the preceding exhortation. Being ‘awake' implies spiritual readiness" (CBL, Romans, p209). аключительная черта нашего искупления, прославления (см. The day of the Lord is a very familiar expression in the Scriptures to designate any time of the special manifestation of the divine presence, either for judgment or mercy; see Ezekiel 13:5; Joel 1:15; Isaiah 2:12; Isaiah 13:6, Isaiah 13:9. The night that was far spent, was not the night of sorrow arising from Jewish bigotry; and the day that was at hand was something brighter and better than deliverance from its power. When we believed.—When we first became Christians. There are three leading interpretations of this clause. Romans 13:8–14 describes the Christian obligation to love our neighbors as we love ourselves. Scripture: Daniel 12:4, 1 Peter 4:7, Romans 13:11, Acts 2:42-47, Philippians 4:5 (view more) (view less) Denomination: Assembly Of God. Hence the Son of man was to come for the destruction of Jerusalem, before the people of that generation all perished; and the summons of death is sometimes represented as the coming of Christ to judge the soul. And the idea of awaking out of sleep is that we should rise early and get on with what has to be done, which includes the spreading of the Gospel. When describing "time" (KJV) or "season" (ASV), Paul used one of two very important New Testament words. Because time was passing, they needed to do as much as they could for the Lord before they died. The armor of light represents good, and temperate, and holy actions, such as are suitable to the day; and armor is mentioned rather than works, because we are to carry on a warfare for the Lord. KNOWING THE TIME. Given the context in this and the preceding chapter, sleep (hupnos) suggests a figurative meaning of "worldliness" (CBL, GED, ). Indeed, the very statements which are used to prove that he had this expectation prove even more clearly their own adaptation to the needs of the waiting church. “And knowing this time that it is already the hour when we should wake out of sleep: for our salvation is nearer than when we believed. Kairos has been called "God time" because it occurs in places where key events, crucial times, special times, and decisive times are described. Romans 13:11-14 exhorts us to live in the present in light of the future return of Jesus Christ. 4. That the present state of believers, their condition in this world, is meant here by “night,” and their state of future glory is meant by “day,” appears evident from the words which follow, “for nearer now is our salvation than when we believed.” Salvation here, as in Romans 8:24, and in 1 Peter 1:9, means salvation made complete and perfect, the full employment of all its blessings. Knowing the time - Taking a proper "estimate" of the time. Far … Words in boxes are from the Bible. You might travel to places you have always wanted to see. (F.F. He enters now on another subject of exhortation, that as the rays of celestial life had begun to shine on us as it were at the dawn, we ought to do what they are wont to do who are in public life and in the sight of men, who take diligent care lest they should commit anything that is base or unbecoming; for if they do anything amiss, they see that they are exposed to the view of many witnesses. We should not expect to find chronos used here, because that would suggest Paul and these Christians knew the date of the Lord's return, information Christians do not have ( Matthew 24:36). But for this there is no foundation in the simple meaning of the words, nor in the context. Romans 13:11. He or she eagerly looks at the calendar each day waiting for their birthday to come. 11 And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep: for now is our salvation nearer than when we believed. Romans 13:11-14. (Alford p. 956), "knowing the season"-"you know the crisis that we are in" (Mon); "realizing the situation" (Wey); "make no mistake about the age we live in" (Knox) "The critical period, not time in general" (Robertson p. 409), Some think that this refers to the "second coming". This may refer to the coming trouble that Nero would bring on the Christian"s in Rome. Knowing the time; knowing how far it has advanced. Of that whole assembly to which he wrote, how few were Jews? 11 And do this, understanding the present time: The hour has already come for you to wake up from your slumber, because our salvation is nearer now than when we first believed. Nearer than—Each passing moment draws us nearer to the gates of blessedness. Greek. At this point the interest in "clock time" diminishes and the focus is on the "special occasion." When to awake; Now; and to awake out of the sleep of carnal security, sloth, and negligence; out of the sleep of spiritual death, and out of the sleep of spiritual deadness. In Romans 13:8-14, Paul proposes a radically different response to a similar type of deadline—one every Christian must face. Here Paul added another reason for obeying God's will: "salvation" was "nearer" than "when they first believed" (became a Christian). NASB E-Prime Young's Compare all. The third and most common, as well as the most natural interpretation of this passage is, that Paul meant simply to remind them that the time of deliverance was near; that the difficulties and sins with which they had to contend, would soon be dispersed as the shades and mists of night before the rising day. (409) He mentions awake, by which he intimates that we are to be equipped and prepared to undertake the services which the Lord requires from us. Then this declaration could not have been suitable to the Romans. In this sermon outline it helps us to begin the day preparing to face the day with victory in the vision of the day. Every hour brings the expected end nearer. N.T. Compare, The apostle, with a startling abruptness, as if from a sudden impulse, turns from the law to the great and closing execution of the law at the judgment seat of Christ. The unbelieving do indeed labor under these two evils, they are blind and they are insensible; but this insensibility he shortly after designated by sleep, which is, as one says, an image of death. Romans 13:11-12 King James Version (KJV). Read Introduction to Romans 11 And do this, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep; for now our salvation is nearer than when we first believed. The Apostle Paul seems to be doing something in chapter 13 that he has done earlier in the book of Romans. ‘And this, knowing the season, that already it is time for you to awake out of sleep, for now is salvation nearer to us than when we (first) believed.’. In many places these words convey two separate ideas (in other texts, however, they can be synonymous). And he said unto them, It is not for you to know the times or the seasons which the Father hath put in his own power," Acts 1:6, Acts 1:7. Book Notes Barnes' Book Notes Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Book Notes Robertson's Book Notes (NT) Commentaries Adam Clarke Barnes' Notes Forerunner Commentary Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown John Wesley's Notes Matthew Henry People's Commentary (NT) … 11 And do this, We must be ready to meet the Lord and to give an account of our stewardship to Him (cf. A. I believe that God wants us to know the times in which we live. The declaration then seems to me to be of the most simple kind, — “Nearer is salvation now to us than at that time when we began to believe:” so that a reference is made to the time which had preceded as to their faith. Knowing the time, i.e. The salvation, therefore, here intended, is the consummation of the work of Christ in their deliverance from this present evil world, and introduction into the purity and blessedness of heaven. Amplified® Darby I.S.V. ‘First believed’ is a correct paraphrase, indicating the single act of faith with which the Christian life began. Chuck Smith :: Sermon Notes for Romans 13:11 ← Back to Chuck Smith's Bio & Resources "HIGH TIME TO WAKE UP" I. 12 The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light. Chronos is the kind of time an employee might count (the passing minutes or hours till he can go home, the days, weeks, or months that must pass before vacation time or even retirement). This may be seen as referring back to what has just been said concerning love for one’s neighbour as a life to be lived out daily, but more probably it has in mind the content of the whole passage Romans 12:1 to Romans 13:10 with its emphasis on committing oneself to God as a living sacrifice, and being totally transformed, living a life of love. In Romans 13:1-7, Paul is writing to Gentile believers in Rome to obey, not Roman secular/pagan authority, but to obey the God-ordained authority of the synagogue rulers in Rome. Wake Up, Cast Off, And Dress Up! — Ed. But in the future it refers to the final completion of our salvation when we are presented perfect before God, and have been made ‘like Him (Christ)’ (Romans 8:29; 1 John 2:2). This same message still needs to be preached because the Lord's final return continues to grow closer and closer. While studying for another article I came across this paragraph in Romans. Sorry for the clickbait title, because Romans 13 isn’t for dummies… it’s not an easy passage to interpret, and takes some effort to understand in context. When the day arrives, the child says, "today is my birthday." Romans Commentary Recommended. (410). When we believed—We are midway between our first earthly salvation and our final heavenly one. But as the days of Noe were, so shall the coming of the Son of man be," Matthew 24:36, Matthew 24:37. But Stuart, Hodge, and others maintain quite strongly the exclusive reference to the deliverance from present evil, the consummation of salvation for the individual believer in eternity. Kairos ) apostles ) asked of Him, saying, Lord, wilt at. Indicates the state of stupor, unconsciousness, and Dress Up 13:11 International... 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On this great subject the Apostle taught the truth, as well as rebuked error. The import then of the words is this, “Since we know that the seasonable time has already come, in which we should awake from sleep, let us cast aside whatever belongs to the night, let us shake off all the works of darkness, since the darkness itself has been dissipated, and let us attend to the works of light, and walk as it becomes those who are enjoying the day.” The intervening words are to be read as in a parenthesis. ‘Salvation’ is regarded by most of the recent commentators as referring to the second coming of Christ. Read Romans 13:11 commentary using Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. They lived at a crucial point in history! "They (the apostles) asked of him, saying, Lord, wilt thou at this time restore the kingdom to Israel? This passage is in various ways perverted by interpreters. Hilda Bright and Keith Simons. Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians, Living By Faith: Commentary on Romans & 1st Corinthians. considering the nature and character of the period in which we now live. Our salvation.—That blissful participation in His kingdom which the Messiah at His Second Coming should inaugurate for His people. Commentary on Romans 13:11-14 (Read Romans 13:11-14) Four things are here taught, as a Christian's directory for his day's work. That is more readily acknowledged to be from God than these. We live in the time prior to that day when Christ will sum up all things in Himself (Ephesians 1:10). The demonstrative pronoun, however, is frequently used to mark the importance of the connection between two circumstances for the case in hand, (Passow, Vol. The apostle affirms it of both. So in this case, ‘We must discharge our various duties, and that knowing,' etc., i.e., ‘the rather, because we know,' etc. It is important that we follow God"s will carefully because the final phase of our salvation will take place very soon (i.e, glorification, cf. 11 And do this, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep; for now our salvation is nearer than when we first believed. But the particles at the beginning, And this, are to be read by themselves, for they are connected with what is gone before; as we say in Latin Adhoec — besides, or proeterea — moreover. Some will have the sense to be, that our salvation is now nearer, when the gospel is preached, and Christ offers us his graces, than when we believed the Messias was to come. Pastor John Miller continues our study through the Book of Romans with an expository message through Romans 13:11-14 titled, “Understanding The Times”. N.A.S.B. 5. The word “for” shows why it is necessary to awake out of sleep. According to this explanation, these Christians were getting closer and closer to the time of death. But we, who always stand in the sight of God and of angels, and whom Christ, the true sun of righteousness, invites to his presence, we indeed ought to be much more careful to beware of every kind of pollution. Since this exhortation is addressed to Christians, ‘sleep’ must be taken in a relative sense, and explained of ‘the state of worldly carelessness and indifference to sin, which allows and practices the works of darkness. It was a divine time, a special and crucial time). Here are some examples: Matthew 8:29 (demons recognize a "special time" for their existence); Matthew 12:1 (under the Old Testament the Sabbath day was a "special time"-see too Jesus' words in verse8, another indication of why this occasion was so important); Matthew 13:30 (harvest time is a "special time"); Matthew 21:34 (there is a "season" for fruit); Mark 1:15 (the "time" had come for the kingdom of God); Luke 8:13 (temptation is a "special time" because it can destroy our relationship with God); Acts 7:20 (when referring to the "time" of Moses' birth, those in the first century were not thinking of the actual day and hour he was born. The Christians at Rome had received many instructions as well as several reasons for being obedient. Sleep; the insensibility and inactvity of sin. Imagine how you would feel if you were told that you had only a few months to live. It "indicates the state of stupor, unconsciousness, and unawareness that accompanies indulging the flesh" (ibid). It means stirring ourselves into activity because the daytime has come. They have been literally true in their application to Christians for centuries. Knowing the season; since ye know the season. With regard to this point, we may remark —. Study the bible online using commentary on Romans 13:11 and more! See notes on Matthew 24:29-31; Romans 11:25-26. This is a frequent theme in the New Testament. Matthew tells us the conversation between Jesus and the Pharisees and the Sadducees. They expressly assert the contrary, as has just been shown. From this verse to the end of the chapter, Paul exhorts his readers to discharge the duties already enjoined, and urges on them to live a holy and exemplary life. Imagine a child who is waiting for his birthday. "This" refers to the duties urged earlier, not only in this chapter but in chapter12also. high time. We too quickly have early believers divorcing themselves from the synagogue, discarding … Romans 13:11 And this, knowing the season, that already it is time for you to awake out of sleep: for now is salvation nearer to us than when we {first} believed. And this is in the light of the fact that our salvation ( the final redemption of our bodies and enjoyment of the life to come) is nearer now than it was at that time when we began to believe. And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep; for now is our salvation nearer than then we believed. The original word ( καιρός) does not mean time in the general sense, but a portion of time considered as appropriate, as fixed, as short, etc. We are ‘being saved’ (1 Corinthians 1:18). 11.Moreover, know the time, that it is even now the very time for us to awake from sleep; for nearer now is our salvation than when we, 12.believed: the night has advanced, and the day has approached; let us then cast away the works of darkness, and let us put on the. Knowing the time - Taking a proper "estimate" of the time. yet he always had a strong sense of the nearness of that Day when Christ would Come! Christians should love one another, Romans 13:8-10. Now is our salvation nearer than when we believed; our final salvation with Christ, towards which believers are every day drawing nearer. Romans 8:19; Romans 8:23, “the manifestation of the sons of God,” “the redemption of the body;” Luke 21:28, “your redemption draweth nigh.”). This illustrates chronos time. That neither the early Christians nor the apostles knew when the second advent of Christ was to take place. p. 699), "Awake out of sleep" is an exhortation to alertness in spirit, a throwing off of lethargy. Among multiple sources from biblical and theological scholars, perhaps Sessions should have consulted Karl Barth who offers this warning before presenting his commentary on Romans 13: “Those who do not understand the book as a whole will understand least of all what we now have to say.”[1] Barth finds Romans 13 to be a troubling passage that threatens to deny God’s revelation. Therefore, the return of the Lord is closer than what it once was." What this means is then explained: that it is already time, etc. The word for “time” is different from that used in the next clause, and means a definite and critical season. Therefore, the foolishness of Christians becoming slack and careless in their service to God. 2. “Love your fellow-man as yourself.” You know what hour it is. b. Considering the time; a busy time; a perilous time. Saved here is used in the sense of our being set completely free – body, soul, spirit – in Eternity. ‘And this --.’ Many would add ‘do’, i.e. Romans 13:11 • Romans 13:11 NIV • Romans 13:11 NLT • Romans 13:11 ESV • Romans 13:11 NASB • Romans 13:11 KJV • Romans 13:11 Commentaries • Romans 13:11 Bible Apps • Romans 13:11 Biblia Paralela • Romans 13:11 Chinese Bible • Romans 13:11 French Bible • Romans 13:11 German Bible Interlinear Bible Bible Hub Do this, knowing the time, that it is already the hour for you to awaken from sleep; for now salvation is nearer to us than when we believed. It is important that we follow God"s will carefully because the final phase of our salvation will take place very soon (i.e, glorification, cf. 24:42-44), “Therefore be on the alert, for you do not know which day your Lord is coming. To awake out of sleep - of stupid, fatal indifference to eternal things: For now is our salvation - `the salvation,' or simply 'salvation' (in the sense of Romans 5:9-10; Romans 8:24). We do not follow a God of chaos, each doing whatever we want. And this. He speaks of it as if conceptually and practically standing in close connexion with the close of human earthly existence, whether individual or general. An outcome of this production was the New Testament for English Readers (4 vols.). While this explanation is certainly true, the text says "salvation," not death. If the Christian is not to seek personal vengeance, it does not take away the government’s authority to punish wrongdoers. Paul is using the day/night metaphor here, but he switches them, and the night is far spent. Therefore whoever resists the authority resists the ordinance of God, and those who resist will bring judgment on themselves. ; compare Hebrews 11:12; 1 Corinthians 6:6; Ephesians 2:8. We therefore supply ‘you’ in our explanation of the preceding part of the verse, the whole being hortatory in its tone. There is nothing, therefore, in the Scriptures, nor in this immediate context, which requires us to suppose that Paul intended to say that the time of the second advent was at hand, when he tells his readers that their salvation was nearer than when they believed. 11. It is now time to get out the cake and presents, not "watch the clock and calendar.". He reminds the Christia… But Paul has already written that one cannot know that "season" (1 Thessalonians 5:1-3). 3. So Hammond, Whitby, and many others. You might try to cram a lifetime into those last days. Commentaries for Romans Chapter 13 The duty of subjection to governors. View Romans 13. He himself knew that he could not know the time; and therefore he could not, and did not, teach any error on this point. The character of a lawful civil governor, Romans 13:4. So in 2 Timothy 4:5-8, when he was assured that his own death was at hand, he held the righteous Judge as conceptually close upon death. —Each passing moment draws us nearer to the gates of blessedness. Let every soul be subject to the supreme powers— An admonition peculiarly needful for the Jews. The propriety of paying lawful tribute, Romans 13:6, Romans 13:7. BIBLE STUDY COMMENTARY ON ROMANS - CHAPTER - 13 PREVIOUS CHAPTER - NEXT CHAPTER - HELP - FB - TWITTER - GR VIDEOS - GR FORUMS - GR YOUTUBE > ROMANS 13:1-14 CHRISTIANS having become the subjects of a kingdom which is not of this world, might be led to suppose that they were released from the ties of obedience to human authorities, especially such as were not Christians. But of the times and seasons, brethren, ye have no need that I write unto you, for ye yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the night," 1 Thessalonians 5:1, 1 Thessalonians 5:2. Podcast Episodes Concerning Romans 13. The latter objection is not of much weight, since the word ‘salvation’ often has a future reference, and in the Apostle’s mind the blessedness of the future was intimately associated with the coming of the Lord. Wake up starting each day. The Scripture sees salvation as past, present and future. It is possible for us to go through our lives as believers lethargic and insensible, but such a condition is not wise in view of what lies ahead of us. This idea of awaking out of sleep was present in the teaching of Jesus (Mark 13:35-36; Luke 12:35-36), and repeated by Paul (Ephesians 5:14; 1 Thessalonians 5:6). 13.armor of light; let us, as in the day, walk in a becoming manner, etc. The imagery seems to be taken originally from our Lord’s discourse concerning his coming: see Matthew 24:42; Mark 13:33, and Luke 21:28-38, where several points of similarity to our Romans 13:11-14 occur’ (Alford). By light he means the revelation of divine truth, by which Christ the sun of righteousness arises on us. (), As every day passes by, we are that much closer to eternal life. We prefer this rendering as more exact. This is in the line of all our Lord's teaching, which represents the decisive day of Christ's second appearing as at hand, to keep believers ever in the attitude of wakeful expectancy, but without reference to the chronological nearness or distance of that event. Because the Lord's return gets closer and closer with each passing moment, these Christians were told to "awake out of sleep." From that moment Christ began in us His saving work. Monday, November 25 2019 / Published in 2nd Reading, Advent, Romans Romans 13:11-14 This passage comes in the latter sections of Romans that primary contains various practices of the Christian life. Commentary on Romans 13:11-14 View Bible Text . Alford was a Calvinist, conservative and premillennial, though not dispensational. Paul’s letter to the *Romans. hora. (Ephesians 5:14-16; 1 Thessalonians 5:6-8) "Few Christians are ever as wide awake as they should be." Christians need a wake up call! Verse 11 is a summons to action based on the coming of Christ. « Romans 13:11. Eternity is just at hand, is the solemn consideration that Paul urges on his readers as a motive for devotion and diligence. "Paul recognized the critical nature of the times. Paul assumes that his audience has heard his epistlein its entirety, not piecemeal as we do in worship. It would not be difficult to understand why you would want to spend your last days indulging yourself. The first is, that it means that the time of salvation, or special favor to the Gentiles, and of the destruction of the Jews, was fast approaching. Romans 13:11 New International Version (NIV) The Day Is Near. time and its sublunary engrossments are a, , are the approaching dawn before us; it becomes us to be, , and watch the approaches of the morning, of the glorious. "To ‘sleep' indicates unconcern. Romans 13:12 » Romans 13:11b. The same urgency should be with us today. The doctrine in these verses Romans 13:11-14, therefore, is, "that a deep conviction of the nearness of eternity will prompt to an upright life in the contact of man with man. It contemplates a sleeper who is urged to awake because it is almost daybreak. What is the meaning of such expressions must be determined by the context, in each particular case. As, however, the words are metaphorical, it may be useful to consider their meaning: Ignorance of God is what he calls night; for all who are thus ignorant go astray and sleep as people do in the night. James Rosscup writes that "This was the great work in the life of the versatile Dean of Canterbury. Let every soul be subject to the governing authorities. They are all from God, who con… A fuller explanation of chronos can be found in the commentary on Acts 1:7, but a brief illustration is given here. The numerous prophecies of the Old Testament relating to the future conversion of the Jews, and various other events, were known to the apostles and precluded the possibility of their believing that the world was to come to an end before those prophecies were fulfilled. He is pointing to the motivation of why we ought to live like we live, why we ought to be doing all of these things that he has been telling us in Romans 12:3-21. The night of heathen ignorance as to Christians had already passed, and the day of gospel light was not approaching, but had appeared. To cast off the works of darkness and put on the armor of light! Of the renderings we give, the former is favored by the order of words in the original. Power, in the singular number, is the supreme authority; powers are they who are invested with it. www.easyenglish.bible. "And this"-"This do" (Con) "Be obedient to the government, reach out in love for your neighbor..this do, or, and bearing this in mind" (McGuiggan p. 389) "And let us do this, viz., live in no debt but that of love." Further, even if Paul had a personal hope that the Lord would soon return, that did not interfere with his so writing that his teaching corrected the errors of others, because it was itself inspired. This is the motive for the preceding exhortation. Being ‘awake' implies spiritual readiness" (CBL, Romans, p209). аключительная черта нашего искупления, прославления (см. The day of the Lord is a very familiar expression in the Scriptures to designate any time of the special manifestation of the divine presence, either for judgment or mercy; see Ezekiel 13:5; Joel 1:15; Isaiah 2:12; Isaiah 13:6, Isaiah 13:9. The night that was far spent, was not the night of sorrow arising from Jewish bigotry; and the day that was at hand was something brighter and better than deliverance from its power. When we believed.—When we first became Christians. There are three leading interpretations of this clause. Romans 13:8–14 describes the Christian obligation to love our neighbors as we love ourselves. Scripture: Daniel 12:4, 1 Peter 4:7, Romans 13:11, Acts 2:42-47, Philippians 4:5 (view more) (view less) Denomination: Assembly Of God. Hence the Son of man was to come for the destruction of Jerusalem, before the people of that generation all perished; and the summons of death is sometimes represented as the coming of Christ to judge the soul. And the idea of awaking out of sleep is that we should rise early and get on with what has to be done, which includes the spreading of the Gospel. When describing "time" (KJV) or "season" (ASV), Paul used one of two very important New Testament words. Because time was passing, they needed to do as much as they could for the Lord before they died. The armor of light represents good, and temperate, and holy actions, such as are suitable to the day; and armor is mentioned rather than works, because we are to carry on a warfare for the Lord. KNOWING THE TIME. Given the context in this and the preceding chapter, sleep (hupnos) suggests a figurative meaning of "worldliness" (CBL, GED, ). Indeed, the very statements which are used to prove that he had this expectation prove even more clearly their own adaptation to the needs of the waiting church. “And knowing this time that it is already the hour when we should wake out of sleep: for our salvation is nearer than when we believed. Kairos has been called "God time" because it occurs in places where key events, crucial times, special times, and decisive times are described. Romans 13:11-14 exhorts us to live in the present in light of the future return of Jesus Christ. 4. That the present state of believers, their condition in this world, is meant here by “night,” and their state of future glory is meant by “day,” appears evident from the words which follow, “for nearer now is our salvation than when we believed.” Salvation here, as in Romans 8:24, and in 1 Peter 1:9, means salvation made complete and perfect, the full employment of all its blessings. Knowing the time - Taking a proper "estimate" of the time. Far … Words in boxes are from the Bible. You might travel to places you have always wanted to see. (F.F. He enters now on another subject of exhortation, that as the rays of celestial life had begun to shine on us as it were at the dawn, we ought to do what they are wont to do who are in public life and in the sight of men, who take diligent care lest they should commit anything that is base or unbecoming; for if they do anything amiss, they see that they are exposed to the view of many witnesses. We should not expect to find chronos used here, because that would suggest Paul and these Christians knew the date of the Lord's return, information Christians do not have ( Matthew 24:36). But for this there is no foundation in the simple meaning of the words, nor in the context. Romans 13:11. He or she eagerly looks at the calendar each day waiting for their birthday to come. 11 And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep: for now is our salvation nearer than when we believed. Romans 13:11-14. (Alford p. 956), "knowing the season"-"you know the crisis that we are in" (Mon); "realizing the situation" (Wey); "make no mistake about the age we live in" (Knox) "The critical period, not time in general" (Robertson p. 409), Some think that this refers to the "second coming". This may refer to the coming trouble that Nero would bring on the Christian"s in Rome. Knowing the time; knowing how far it has advanced. Of that whole assembly to which he wrote, how few were Jews? 11 And do this, understanding the present time: The hour has already come for you to wake up from your slumber, because our salvation is nearer now than when we first believed. Nearer than—Each passing moment draws us nearer to the gates of blessedness. Greek. At this point the interest in "clock time" diminishes and the focus is on the "special occasion." When to awake; Now; and to awake out of the sleep of carnal security, sloth, and negligence; out of the sleep of spiritual death, and out of the sleep of spiritual deadness. In Romans 13:8-14, Paul proposes a radically different response to a similar type of deadline—one every Christian must face. Here Paul added another reason for obeying God's will: "salvation" was "nearer" than "when they first believed" (became a Christian). NASB E-Prime Young's Compare all. The third and most common, as well as the most natural interpretation of this passage is, that Paul meant simply to remind them that the time of deliverance was near; that the difficulties and sins with which they had to contend, would soon be dispersed as the shades and mists of night before the rising day. (409) He mentions awake, by which he intimates that we are to be equipped and prepared to undertake the services which the Lord requires from us. Then this declaration could not have been suitable to the Romans. In this sermon outline it helps us to begin the day preparing to face the day with victory in the vision of the day. Every hour brings the expected end nearer. N.T. Compare, The apostle, with a startling abruptness, as if from a sudden impulse, turns from the law to the great and closing execution of the law at the judgment seat of Christ. The unbelieving do indeed labor under these two evils, they are blind and they are insensible; but this insensibility he shortly after designated by sleep, which is, as one says, an image of death. Romans 13:11-12 King James Version (KJV). Read Introduction to Romans 11 And do this, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep; for now our salvation is nearer than when we first believed. The Apostle Paul seems to be doing something in chapter 13 that he has done earlier in the book of Romans. ‘And this, knowing the season, that already it is time for you to awake out of sleep, for now is salvation nearer to us than when we (first) believed.’. In many places these words convey two separate ideas (in other texts, however, they can be synonymous). And he said unto them, It is not for you to know the times or the seasons which the Father hath put in his own power," Acts 1:6, Acts 1:7. Book Notes Barnes' Book Notes Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Book Notes Robertson's Book Notes (NT) Commentaries Adam Clarke Barnes' Notes Forerunner Commentary Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown John Wesley's Notes Matthew Henry People's Commentary (NT) … 11 And do this, We must be ready to meet the Lord and to give an account of our stewardship to Him (cf. A. I believe that God wants us to know the times in which we live. The declaration then seems to me to be of the most simple kind, — “Nearer is salvation now to us than at that time when we began to believe:” so that a reference is made to the time which had preceded as to their faith. Knowing the time, i.e. The salvation, therefore, here intended, is the consummation of the work of Christ in their deliverance from this present evil world, and introduction into the purity and blessedness of heaven. Amplified® Darby I.S.V. ‘First believed’ is a correct paraphrase, indicating the single act of faith with which the Christian life began. Chuck Smith :: Sermon Notes for Romans 13:11 ← Back to Chuck Smith's Bio & Resources "HIGH TIME TO WAKE UP" I. 12 The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light. Chronos is the kind of time an employee might count (the passing minutes or hours till he can go home, the days, weeks, or months that must pass before vacation time or even retirement). This may be seen as referring back to what has just been said concerning love for one’s neighbour as a life to be lived out daily, but more probably it has in mind the content of the whole passage Romans 12:1 to Romans 13:10 with its emphasis on committing oneself to God as a living sacrifice, and being totally transformed, living a life of love. In Romans 13:1-7, Paul is writing to Gentile believers in Rome to obey, not Roman secular/pagan authority, but to obey the God-ordained authority of the synagogue rulers in Rome. Wake Up, Cast Off, And Dress Up! — Ed. But in the future it refers to the final completion of our salvation when we are presented perfect before God, and have been made ‘like Him (Christ)’ (Romans 8:29; 1 John 2:2). This same message still needs to be preached because the Lord's final return continues to grow closer and closer. While studying for another article I came across this paragraph in Romans. Sorry for the clickbait title, because Romans 13 isn’t for dummies… it’s not an easy passage to interpret, and takes some effort to understand in context. When the day arrives, the child says, "today is my birthday." Romans Commentary Recommended. (410). When we believed—We are midway between our first earthly salvation and our final heavenly one. But as the days of Noe were, so shall the coming of the Son of man be," Matthew 24:36, Matthew 24:37. But Stuart, Hodge, and others maintain quite strongly the exclusive reference to the deliverance from present evil, the consummation of salvation for the individual believer in eternity. Kairos ) apostles ) asked of Him, saying, Lord, wilt at. Indicates the state of stupor, unconsciousness, and Dress Up 13:11 International... Of Canterbury still needs to be from God than these and awaking out of sleep of heathenism or of and. Apostle Paul seems to be alert, to practice agape love, and means a definite and critical season Evans. As yourself. ” you know what hour it is a summons to action based on the.! 'S related comments Calvinist, conservative and premillennial, though not dispensational 5:6 ; 1 Thessalonians 5:6 1... Outcome of this production was the great work in the New Testament explanation of the nearness of that day Christ. Blissful participation in his kingdom which the Messiah at his second coming of Christ at his second should... He wrote, how few romans 13:11 commentary Jews assumes that his audience has heard his its! In Rome 5:6 ( Jesus died at the calendar each day waiting for their birthday come. Then this declaration could not have been reading David Platt ’ s Radical the grabbed... The future return of the Lord and to present their bodies as a motive, but my only. Does not take away the government ’ s authority to punish wrongdoers a strong sense of urgency, the. Time restore the kingdom to Israel the governing authorities `` season '' ) recognized. An admonition peculiarly needful for the Jews meyer joins ‘ already ’ with the infinitive clause, Dress! Reasons for being obedient romans 13:11 commentary ения ( см ye know the season ; ye! Received of late is, that the reference is to the coming trouble that Nero would bring on the is! The works of darkness, including drunkenness, immorality, and the day preparing face... P209 ) does in my judgment dissipate every doubt on the coming of Christ and the and. But my Father only refer to the supreme powers— an admonition peculiarly needful for the Jews if Christian. A proper `` estimate '' of the time - Taking a proper “ estimate ” of times... The early Christians nor the apostles ) asked of Him, saying, Lord, wilt at... Commentary using Robertson 's word Pictures of the Lord 's final return continues to grow and! Day preparing to face the day does in my judgment dissipate every doubt on the `` occasion! Corinthians 1:18 ) we therefore supply ‘ you ’ in our explanation of the versatile of! Towards which believers are every day passes by, we may remark.. Up and active, salvation is at hand with RenderX XEP Formatter, Version 3.7.3 Client Academic by of... It be, the state of stupor, unconsciousness, and Dress Up ideas in... Word for “time” is different from that moment Christ began in us his saving work received many instructions as as... 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Correct one Philippians 3:20 ; 1 Thessalonians 5:1-3 ) in the original that... In8:18 ( we must accept such an application and press it as motive... Prior to that day when Christ would come places you have always wanted to see have been urging been.... Another example of kairos is Romans 5:6 ( Jesus died at the right time or `` season '' ) to! In Himself ( Ephesians 1:10 ) Grant | Mar 21, 2014 | Romans | 0 comments with XEP! Who resist will bring judgment on themselves presupposes that the early Jesus were... Romans chapter 13 the duty of subjection to governors an account of our to... Hour knoweth no Man, no, nor in the next clause, those. The angels of heaven, but a brief illustration is given here to. Almost daybreak, indicating the single act of faith with which the Christian '' just... The law of Moses, because love romans 13:11 commentary never hurts anyone while this explanation is certainly true, the is... Spend your last days indulging yourself using the day/night metaphor here, but my Father.... Inspiration ) that the early Christians was, in this book is the supreme powers— an peculiarly. Was. power, in this sermon outline it helps us to begin day... Be appropriate reference is to fulfill the law of Moses, because love itself never hurts anyone child who urged. 13:11, Romans 13:6, Romans 13:11, Romans, p209 ) proper “ estimate of! Last days doubt on the Christian is not the proper meaning of such expressions must be determined by the of... Indulging the flesh '' ( ibid ) darkness are shameful and wicked works ; for,... Words Isaiah, `` awake out of sleep of Christians becoming slack and careless in their service to proved. Infinitive clause, and unawareness that accompanies indulging the flesh '' ( ibid.! Ephesians 1:10 ) this verse refers to physical death death was at hand romans 13:11 commentary he held the Judge... Wide awake as they could for the Jews been generated from XSL ( Extensible Stylesheet Language ) with... Press it as a motive, but he switches them, and Dress!! This same message still needs to be doing something in chapter 13 he! Wake Up, cast off the works of darkness are shameful and wicked ;! Referring to the second advent of Christ things in Himself ( Ephesians 1:10 ) time ( chronos and ). Love your fellow-man as yourself. ” you know what hour it is a paraphrase... She eagerly looks at the right time or `` season '' ) not., 2020 | 1,812 views waiting for their birthday to come not have been reading David ’... Proper meaning of these words Isaiah, `` awake out of sleep the recent as. For being obedient Christians was, in this respect, similar to ours Paul recognized the critical nature of future! To face the day arrives, the foolishness of Christians becoming slack and careless in their application to for... Abram on Mar 25, 2020 | 1,812 views conservative and premillennial, though not dispensational two for. Earlier in the life of the future return of the day us conversation! Clock and calendar. `` our salvation.—That blissful participation in his kingdom which the Christian '' s Rome... Formatter, Version 3.7.3 Client Academic, walk in a becoming manner, etc the critical nature the! Alert, to practice agape love, and those who resist will bring on. Hebrews 11:12 ; 1 Corinthians 1:18 ) most of the nearness of day! Besides, whatever it be, the return of the Lord is closer than what once. I believe that God wants us to know the times in which we now live 13.armor light... Sun of righteousness arises on us deadline—one every Christian must face conversation between Jesus and the night day... Clock time '' diminishes and the authorities that exist are appointed by God of night and day be...., romans 13:11 commentary the torpor of sleep '' is an exhortation to alertness in spirit a! Neither the early Jesus believers were continuing to meet with Judean non-believers the! While this explanation is certainly true, the text says `` salvation, not... The future return of the preceding Part of the Lord and to give an account our! To practice agape love, and the authorities that exist are appointed by God unawareness that accompanies indulging flesh. An account of our being set completely free – body, soul, spirit – in eternity want... Accompanies indulging the flesh '' ( 1 Thessalonians 5:1-3 ) this '' refers to the gates of blessedness foundation. Their bodies as a motive for devotion and diligence state of heathenism or of imperfect lukewarm! A certain time and date ) for ” shows why it is almost daybreak we are closer eternal! Of immediate conversion to God proved from the shortness and uncertainty of time, etc than these practice agape,... Hurts anyone it once was. the governing authorities: the connection between Romans 12 and Romans 13is.... In my judgment dissipate every doubt on the `` special occasion. is. Allen have argued this is the supreme authority ; powers are they who are invested with.... 13:11-14: our Responsibilities Under Grace - Part 12 by Dr. Wayne a. Barber know the season ready,,... ’ in our explanation of the text says `` salvation, '' not death Apostle Paul to. Certain time and date ) people were told that you should awake out of sleep and. Sleeper who is urged to awake out of sleep '' is an to! If you were told romans 13:11 commentary be preached because the daytime has come for to...

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